Shri Mokshagundam Visweswarayya was an eminent Engineer par excellence produced by Muddenahalli Village, Kolar district, now part of Karnataka State. In fact Shri Visweswarayya belongs to a Telugu Brahmin family born 15.09.1860. His day of birth is celebrated by Indian Republic as Engineers’ day all over India. He did his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1881 from Central College Bengalore. Then he did his Engineering in College of Engineering Pune.
His first job as engineer was in Mumbai Municipality. After that he joined Indian Irrigation commission. He designed and obtained patent for his Automatic Weir flood gates in 1903. These gates were first installed in Khadakvasla near Pune. Later these gates were installed in Tigra Dam - Gwalior and Krishna Raj Sagar Dam – Mysore ( Brindavan Gardens ). KRS dam holds largest water reservoir in Asia in those days. He supervised the construction of the Dam from foundation to inauguration stage.
He was instrumental in river training and flood management works of Deccan.
Shri Mokshagundam Visweswarayya was instrumental in flood management of Musi river. Gandipet and Hussain sagar (Tank bund ) were the gift of Shri MV only.
He visited China, Japan,Egypt, Canada. United States of America and Russia. He went to Aden (Part of India in those days) to advise flood and drainage works there.
During his period of service with the Government of Mysore state, he was responsible for the founding of, (under the Patronage of Mysore Government), the Mysore Soap Factory, the Parasitoide Laboratory, the Mysore Iron & Steel Works (now known as Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited) in Bhadravathi, the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute, the Bangalore Agricultural University, theState Bank of Mysore
He is rightly called Father of Modern Mysore. He encouraged industries as Diwan of Mysore. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Mysore Soap Factory, the Parasitoide Laboratory, the Mysore Iron & Steel Works (now known as Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited) in Bhadravathi, the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute, the Bangalore Agricultural University, theState Bank of Mysore, etc.,
Government of India honoured him with India’s highest Civilian Badge of “Bharata Ratna” in 1955.
It is sad to note that even though he is a Telugu man respect meted out to him in Andhra are very scant.
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